How to Sand a Table With an Electric Sander

Are you looking for a faster, more efficient way to sand your wood furniture or table? An electric sander is the perfect tool for the job! With an electric sander, you don’t have to put in as much manual labor, and it eliminates many of the potentially negative outcomes associated with hand-sanding. Plus, the process can be completed much quicker than if you were to use traditional sanding techniques.

How to Sand a Table With an Electric Sander

In this blog post, we’ll discuss how to sand a table with an electric sander so that you achieve maximum results without any hiccups! So let’s jump right into learning how to make sure our tables are perfectly sanded every time – now just imagine all of your future projects looking as good as new!

What is an Electric Sander?

An electric sander is a power tool that replaces manual sanding by using rapid vibrations to smooth or remove materials from surfaces. There are different types of electric sanders, such as orbital sanders, belt sanders, and random orbit sanders. Each type has its own unique features and uses, but they all operate under the same basic principle – making sanding easier and more efficient.

Supplies You Will Need to Sand a Table With an Electric Sander

  1. An electric sander (of your choice)
  2. Sandpaper (the grit depends on the type of wood and desired finish)
  3. Safety goggles
  4. Dust mask
  5. Drop cloth or tarp
  6. Cleaning cloth or tack cloth
  7. Painter’s tape (optional for protecting surfaces)

Step-by-step Guidelines on How to Sand a Table With an Electric Sander

Step 1: Prepare the Area

Before you begin sanding, it’s important to prepare the area by removing any obstructions and covering nearby surfaces with a drop cloth or tarp. This will protect your surroundings from dust and debris that may be generated during the sanding process. Preparing the area can also help make cleaning up easier once you are finished.

Covering Nearby Surfaces With a Drop Cloth or Tarp

Step 2: Choose the Right Sandpaper

Selecting the right sandpaper for your project is crucial. The grit of sandpaper you use will depend on the type of wood and desired finish. Generally, a lower grit (i.e. 60-80) is used to remove material quickly, while finer grits (i.e. 100-120) are used for smoothing and finishing. It’s always best to start with a lower grit and work your way up to achieve the desired result.

Step 3: Put on Protective Gear

Sanding can create dust and debris that can be harmful if inhaled or get into your eyes. That’s why it’s essential to wear safety goggles and a dust mask before starting the sanding process. This will protect your eyes and lungs from any particles that may be generated during sanding. If working indoors, it’s also a good idea to open windows and use a fan for ventilation.

Step 4: Begin Sanding

Now it’s time to start sanding! Hold the electric sander with a firm grip, and turn it on. Move the sander in smooth, even strokes along the surface of the table. Be careful not to apply too much pressure as this can cause uneven sanding or create divots in the wood. If you are using a random orbit sander, move the sander in a circular motion for best results.

Step 5: Change Sandpaper as Needed

As you sand, the sandpaper will eventually become worn out or clogged with dust and debris. When this happens, it’s time to change the sandpaper to ensure maximum performance. Simply turn off the sander, unplug it, and carefully remove the old sandpaper. Then replace it with a new sheet of sandpaper and continue sanding.

Step 6: Clean Up

Once you have sanded the entire surface, use a cleaning cloth or tack cloth to remove any remaining dust or debris. This will ensure that your finish is smooth and free of imperfections. If necessary, you can also use painter’s tape to protect any areas that you do not want to be sanded. Make sure to remove the tape before applying any finish or paint.

Step 7: Apply Finish (Optional)

After the table is properly sanded, you have the option to apply a finish such as stain or paint. This will protect your table and give it a polished look. Be sure to follow the instructions on the finished product for best results. Make sure to give it enough time to dry before using the table again.

Apply a Finish Such as Stain or Paint

Following these steps will ensure that your table is perfectly sanded and ready for any finishing touches. An electric sander makes this process quicker, more efficient, and less physically demanding. With the right supplies and techniques, you can achieve professional-looking results with ease. Happy sanding! 

Additional Tips and Tricks to Sand a Table With an Electric Sander

1. When working with an electric sander, it is important to always wear protective gear such as safety glasses and a dust mask to avoid inhaling any particles.

2. Before starting, make sure to thoroughly clean the table surface from any debris or loose particles. This will prevent them from getting caught in the sander and potentially damaging the surface.

3. It is recommended to start with a coarse grit sandpaper (around 60-80 grit) and gradually work your way up to finer grits. This will ensure a smooth finish without skipping any steps.

4. When sanding, use even pressure and keep the sander moving in a consistent pattern to avoid creating uneven spots or over-sanding in one area.

5. If you come across any stubborn imperfections or large blemishes, it may be necessary to switch to a hand sander for more precise sanding.

6. When switching between grits, make sure to thoroughly clean the sander and remove any residual dust before attaching a new sandpaper. This will prevent cross-contamination of grits and ensure a smooth transition.

7. Don’t forget to sand the edges and corners of the table, as these areas are often overlooked but can greatly impact the overall appearance of the piece.

Sand the Edges and Corners of the Table

8. For a smoother finish, you can also use a sanding block with finer grit sandpaper to hand-sand in between electric sander passes.

9. Once finished, wipe down the table with a damp cloth to remove any leftover dust and allow it to fully dry before applying any finishes or paint.

10. Remember to always follow the manufacturer’s instructions and safety precautions when using an electric sander, and never leave the sander running unattended.

Following these tips and tricks will help you achieve a professional-looking, smooth finish on your table while using an electric sander. With patience and practice, you can become skilled in sanding any type of furniture or surface with ease. Happy sanding! 

Precautions Need to Be Followed for Sanding a Table With an Electric Sander

1. First and foremost, make sure that the table is stable and secure before you start sanding. Uneven or wobbly tables can be dangerous and cause accidents.

2. Wear appropriate protective gear such as safety goggles, a dust mask, and gloves to protect your eyes, lungs, and hands from flying debris and dust.

3. Make sure to unplug the electric sander before changing the sandpaper or making any adjustments to it.

4. Always use the correct type and grit of sandpaper for your specific table material and desired finish. Using the wrong sandpaper can damage your table or produce unsatisfactory results.

5. Familiarize yourself with the different types of electric sanders available, such as orbital, belt, and random orbit sanders. Each type has its own purpose and function, so be sure to choose the right one for your table.

6. Keep an eye on the sandpaper while sanding, as it may become clogged with dust and debris. If this happens, turn off the sander and clean or replace the sandpaper before continuing.

7. Avoid applying excessive pressure when using an electric sander, as this can cause uneven sanding and damage to the table’s surface.

Following these precautions will not only ensure your safety but also result in a smooth and well-sanded table. Remember to take breaks and check the progress of your sanding regularly for optimal results. Happy sanding!  

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Purpose of Sanding a Table?

Sanding a table is usually done to prepare the surface before painting or staining. It helps to remove imperfections, rough spots, and old finishes from the wood surface, making it smooth and ready for refinishing.

How Do I Know if My Table Needs Sanding?

You can check if your table needs sanding by running your hand over the surface. If you feel any rough spots, scratches, or bumps, then it’s likely that your table needs to be sanded. Another way to tell is by looking at the finish of the table. If it looks dull or uneven, it may benefit from sanding.

What Types of Sanders Can I Use?

There are several types of sanders available, including electric sanders, orbital sanders, and hand sanders. Electric sanders are the most commonly used for refinishing furniture, as they are efficient and save time. Orbital sanders are ideal for flat surfaces and can also be used for curved or contoured surfaces. Hand sanders are useful for getting into small and intricate areas that cannot be reached by electric or orbital sanders.

Electric Sanders Are the Most Commonly Used for Refinishing


Knowing how to sand a table with an electric sander can save you time and effort when refinishing furniture. By following the proper techniques and using the right tools, you can achieve a smooth and professional-looking finish on your table. Remember to always wear protective gear and work in a well-ventilated area when sanding. Happy sanding!  

Photo of author

Adrian Green

Adrian is a woodworking hobbyist and has loved Woodworking since he was 10 years old. Back then in childhood, his father used to have a furniture shop. He used to help his dad and learned a lot from him about how to fix woodworking furniture, basic carpentry knowledge and also about how to work hard and take care of business. He enjoys woodworking as a hobby. He loves the feeling of creating something with his own hands, and the satisfaction that comes from seeing his finished products used by others.

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