How to Build a Bunk Bed Ladder

Do you want to save money and be satisfied with creating your own furniture ‐‐ not to mention a great conversation piece in your home? Building a bunk bed ladder may be easier than you think.

How to Build a Bunk Bed Ladder

It can also help make more efficient use of space in any room, providing an impressive display for friends when they come by. We’ll walk you through each step on how to build a bunk bed ladder today!

Whether you’re creating a full‐size bunk bed ladder or something more suitable for tight spaces like attics and small bedrooms, the steps are the same.

In this blog post, we will cover gathering supplies, sanding and staining, assembling the ladder, and attaching it securely. Keep reading to learn how you can build a bunk bed ladder.

What Will You Need?

To build your bunk bed ladder, you will need a few materials:

  • Pinewood boards for the steps and side rails of the ladder
  • Wood glue to secure the pieces together
  • Sandpaper to smooth out any rough edges or imperfections on the wood
  • Stain or paint to finish the ladder
  • A drill and screws for assembly.

Depending on your project, you may also need additional tools, such as a saw, sander, power drill, chisels, clamps, etc. With that said, let’s get started!

8 Easy Steps on How to Build a Bunk Bed Ladder

Step 1: Measure and Cut the Wood

The first step in building your bunk bed ladder is to measure and cut the wood. Take the height measurement of your bunk bed from the floor to the point where you want your ladder to reach. This will be the length of your side rails.

For the steps, consider a comfortable stepping height for the user. The standard is about 10 to 12 inches apart. Determine how many steps you will need based on your ladder height and cut the wood accordingly.

Remember, always double-check your measurements before cutting. Once you have marked the measurements, cut the wood pieces with your saw.

Step 2: Sand and Stain the Wood

Sanding the wood is the next step in building your bunk bed ladder. This ensures a smooth finish and removes any rough edges or imperfections. Use sandpaper for this task, starting with a rough grit and moving to a finer one for a polished finish.

Use Sandpaper for This Task

After sanding, dust off the wood with a dry cloth and apply your chosen stain or paint. This enhances the look of your ladder and adds a layer of protection to the wood. Let the paint or stain dry thoroughly before proceeding to the next step.

Step 3: Assemble the Ladder

Assembling the ladder is the next step in building your bunk bed ladder. Start by laying two rails parallel to each other, based on the width of your steps. Apply wood glue on the ends of each step, then place them on your parallel rails at the desired height, typically 10 to 12 inches apart. Remember to ensure that the steps are perpendicular to the side rails and are evenly spaced.

Once you’ve glued all the steps, you might want to add screws for additional stability. Pre-drill holes on the side rails where each step intersects, then screw in your screws. This will make your ladder stronger and safer. Always double-check that each step is secure before moving on.

Step 4: Attach the Ladder to the Bunk Bed

The final step in building your bunk bed ladder is attaching it securely to the bed. Placement is key here – ensure that you position the ladder at a comfortable angle that is safe for climbing. It’s recommended that the ladder is positioned at a 70 to 75-degree angle from the floor.

Once you’ve found the ideal position, mark the points where the ladder touches the bunk bed frame. Pre-drill holes for screws at these points. Attach the ladder to the bed frame using sturdy screws, ensuring it’s secure and doesn’t wobble when climbing on.

Step 5: Final Touches

To add the finishing touches to your bunk bed ladder, consider adding a coat of sealant. This adds an extra layer of protection to the wood and enhances the look of the ladder. Allow sufficient time for the sealant to dry. For safety, you may also want to consider adding rubber pads to the bottom of the ladder. This will prevent the ladder from slipping, providing additional safety.

Consider Adding a Coat of Sealant

Step 6: Safety Check and User Guidance

Conduct a comprehensive safety check by examining every part of the ladder. Make sure that there are no protruding nails or screws, uneven surfaces, or sharp edges that could cause harm.

Confirm that the ladder is firmly attached to the bunk bed and doesn’t wobble or shift when weight is applied. Once you’re confident in the safety and reliability of your new bunk bed ladder, it’s important to instruct users, especially children, on proper use.

Step 7: Regular Maintenance and Inspection

Regular maintenance and inspection are essential for the longevity of your bunk bed ladder. Make it a routine to check the ladder for any loose screws, unstable steps, or signs of wear and tear. Tighten any loose screws and repair or replace any worn-out parts as required. This regular care will ensure that your homemade ladder remains sturdy, safe, and functional for a long time.

Step 8: Celebrate Your Achievement

Congratulations! If you have followed the previous steps, you should now have a perfectly functional, safe, stylish bunk bed ladder you built with your hands. This is indeed a great achievement and a testament to your DIY skills. Take a moment to admire your handiwork and celebrate this accomplishment.

Remember, the beauty of DIY projects lies not just in the end product but also in the process and the learning experience. Enjoy your new bunk bed ladder, and share your success with others who might be inspired to take up similar projects.

By following these eight easy steps to build a bunk bed ladder, you can make the perfect addition to your bedroom or guest room. This is an economical way of adding functional furniture to your home and a great way to show off your DIY skills and unleash your creative potential.

5 Additional Tips and Tricks

  1. Make sure to use reliable materials. The ladder should be made from strong, durable wood such as pine, mahogany, or oak. Be sure to choose the right grade of material that is suitable for your project.
  2. Take precise measurements and mark them out on the boards before cutting. A mistake now may cause a lot of trouble later on!
  3. Join the steps of the ladder together with strong screws or dowels for extra stability and strength.
  4. Sand down any sharp edges or splinters to make the ladder safe.
  5. Finish off your project by treating the wood with a suitable weatherproof sealant, such as varnish or lacquer, to keep it looking great over time.
Strong Screws or Dowels for Extra Stability

With these tips, you can rest assured that your bunk bed ladder will be secure and long-lasting for years to come!

5 Things You Should Avoid

  1. Avoid using weak materials such as particle board. These are not strong enough and can easily break with use or over time.
  2. Don’t forget to take measurements before cutting, otherwise, you may end up with unusable pieces of wood.
  3. Don’t try and cut corners by using inferior screws or nails to join the ladder steps together.
  4. Don’t forget to sand down any sharp edges, as these can be dangerous when using the ladder.
  5. Avoid using oil-based sealants on the wood, as this can cause damage over time due to moisture absorption and swelling of the wood. Instead, use a water-based varnish or lacquer for best results.
Avoid Using Oil Based Sealants

By following these tips, you can be sure that your bunk bed ladder will last for years to come and be safe to use every time.

How Do You Get a Ladder Down a Bunk Bed?

Getting a ladder down a bunk bed can be tricky, as you need to consider the size of the ladder and how it will fit in the available space. Fortunately, there are a few different options you can choose from to make the process easier:

  1. Foldable Ladders: These are great if you have limited space as they collapse in sections for easy storage.
  2. Telescopic Ladders: These are adjustable in height, so you can adjust it to fit into the space between your bed and the floor.
  3. Detachable Ladders: If you have a bunk bed with two separate beds, then detachable ladders are a good option, as they can be completely removed when not needed.

No matter which type of ladder you choose, ensure it is securely fastened to the bed frame before using it. This will help to ensure your safety when climbing up and down the bunk bed.


To wrap it up, building a bunk bed ladder doesn’t have to be overwhelming or complicated. With good instructions, the right materials, and some patience, you can make an attractive and sturdy ladder that will last your kids for years to come.Remember to get creative and have fun with it!

Help you out. So take the plunge, build that ladder, and see what you can do! Trust us: Your kids will thank you for years to come.

Hopefully, the article on how to build a bunk bed ladder has been helpful to you in your project. With the right materials and a little bit of patience, creating a safe and sturdy ladder is within reach. Good luck, and have fun! 

Photo of author

Adrian Green

Adrian is a woodworking hobbyist and has loved Woodworking since he was 10 years old. Back then in childhood, his father used to have a furniture shop. He used to help his dad and learned a lot from him about how to fix woodworking furniture, basic carpentry knowledge and also about how to work hard and take care of business. He enjoys woodworking as a hobby. He loves the feeling of creating something with his own hands, and the satisfaction that comes from seeing his finished products used by others.

Leave a Comment